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phonology component in CELTA course

 
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ozinasia2010



Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 18
Location: Australia

PostPosted: Wed Dec 16, 2009 5:18 am    Post subject: phonology component in CELTA course Reply with quote

Hi Guys,

I'm doing the CELTA in a month or so and have been trying to get my head around phonology (i've never done it before). Does anyone know of any good resources on the internet to learn about phonology? Also, is the phonology in the CELTA very intensive, or just introductory? Thanks!
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nickpellatt



Joined: 08 Dec 2006
Posts: 1522

PostPosted: Wed Dec 16, 2009 10:34 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I took a Trinity course rather than a CELTA, but I guess the principles of the course will be the same. Like everything on the short but intensive course, the subjects are really just introduced rather than studied for ages.

Phonology is basically the sound of the language, and this was covered in two areas really, both of which have major relevance to the language learner.

We had one or two input sessions on how native speakers actually speak. By this I mean how we run words together, miss out some sounds, and actually use language in a way that is different to how individual words may appear in a pronouncing dictionary. For example, 'D'ya wanna cuppa tea'. Easily understood to us (at least in the UK) but a lower level language student may think 'd'ya' is a single word (and not recognise it) and then not understand it.

Teaching students these patterns of speech with weak forms and ellision of sounds can help them understand and follow natural patterns of speech.

The second part of phonology we used on my course, which is again closely linked to the above, is the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, which shows students how words should be pronounced, or how they are actually pronounced when combined with weak forms and sentences. Again, this wasnt beaten to death on the course, but studied on one or two input sessions. I recall doing a game activity with IPA, where we had questions and answers written in IPA which needed translating.

The knowledge of both was then meant to be used in our teaching practice.

Im sure you can find an IPA alphabet online somewhere, and if you use dictionary.com you can see the IPA for each word. On my course we used IPA in classes to give students, so they could see how to pronounce key words ... checking with dictionary.com will help to make you familiar with how it works ... and you can play with it as well. Using my example earlier in the post, you could even write my sentence in IPA for practice to see how it works.

'Do you want a cup of tea?' written in IPA will look different to
'D'ya wanna cuppa tea?' and it is looking at examples of that nature that will probably be part of the course. Having a basic working knowledge of this will be more than 90% of other trainees have.
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ozinasia2010



Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 18
Location: Australia

PostPosted: Wed Dec 16, 2009 12:10 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks a lot for your reply. I've had a look at the IPA chart and have had a go at stringing some sentences together. My main worry was that it was going to be really intensive. I had a look at some intro phonology courses at some different uni's and it went straight over my head! Once again, thanks for the reply.
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fluffyhamster



Joined: 13 Mar 2005
Posts: 2731
Location: UK > China > Japan > UK again

PostPosted: Wed Dec 16, 2009 12:11 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Do a search here on Dave's for 'IPA' with me 'fluffyhamster' as author and you'll get about a dozen resulting threads, several of which (especially the ones started by 'Littlebird') have lists of resources for learning about phonetics and phonology, if not some discussion about a CELTA task or two, or about issues in pronunciation teaching generally etc. Wink
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nickpellatt



Joined: 08 Dec 2006
Posts: 1522

PostPosted: Wed Dec 16, 2009 12:34 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

ozinasia2010 wrote:
I've had a look at the IPA chart and have had a go at stringing some sentences together.


Do use a dictionary, either online or a physical one, to double check spellings (and word stress, which I didnt mention earlier) as it makes things quicker and easier ... and you will soon start to recognise IPA symbols. Its certainly nothing to worry about on the course, and like all things CELTA, a basic working knowledge is enough to be successful on the course. It (grammar/language awareness/phonology etc) will only become second nature when you are teaching in the months and years to come.
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norwalkesl



Joined: 22 Oct 2009
Posts: 366
Location: Ch-Ch-Ch-Ch-China

PostPosted: Wed Dec 16, 2009 2:07 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Phonology will only be 2 days at most in your CELTA during intake sessions. A basic working awareness is all they are looking for you to have.
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