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Yukineko



Joined: 08 Nov 2005
Posts: 59

PostPosted: Wed Dec 21, 2016 12:53 am    Post subject: Question Reply with quote

Hello teachers.
I can't understand some part of this passage gramatically. Could you help me?

"Born and his team put 15 volunteers in bed at midnight and told them they would be woken at 6 a.m. on the first morning and at 9 a.m. on the other two mornings. When the volunteers knew they would be woken at six, levels of a central stress hormone began increasing around 4:30 a.m. But those expecting to wake at nine and rudely awakened at six experienced no such increase in hormone levels."

I think "being" is omitted from the sentence as below. Am I correct?
"Those expecting to wake at nine and ( being ) rudely awakened at six experienced no such increase in hormone levels"

In that case, can I paraphrase this sentences like this?
"Those who expected to wake at nine and were rudely awakened at six experienced no such increase in hormone levels."

Thanks in advance.

Yukineko
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Lorikeet



Joined: 08 Oct 2005
Posts: 1771
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Fri Dec 30, 2016 9:26 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Yes, I like your paraphrase.
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Yukineko



Joined: 08 Nov 2005
Posts: 59

PostPosted: Wed Jan 11, 2017 4:31 pm    Post subject: Thank you !! Reply with quote

Dear Lorikeet

Thank you for answering my question!
I really appreciate it.

Yukineko
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rogerrowles



Joined: 24 Jan 2017
Posts: 6
Location: Boise, Idaho, USA

PostPosted: Tue Feb 07, 2017 10:06 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hello Yukineko,

Yes, I agree with Lorikeet, your paraphrase works very well.

Regarding the omission of 'being', it's not incorrect. 'those expecting to wake at nine and rudely awakened at six' is actually one big adverbial phrase that describes the people in question, so the verb 'being' isn't needed.

I hope that helps!
_________________
- Roger

Co-founder of www.linguaplex.com
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Yukineko



Joined: 08 Nov 2005
Posts: 59

PostPosted: Wed Feb 15, 2017 7:02 pm    Post subject: Thanks very much! Reply with quote

Hello Rogerrowles

Thank you for your kind information.
Now I perfectly understand the structure of this sentence.
I really appreciate your help.

Yukineko
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