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Present perfect or simple past?

 
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paride1970



Joined: 24 Jul 2017
Posts: 3

PostPosted: Wed Jul 26, 2017 5:52 am    Post subject: Present perfect or simple past? Reply with quote

Dear ESL Teachers:

Should I use the present perfect or the simple past/past simple in the following sentences?

1) Over the past (last) year, our company's sales increased by 85%.

2) Over the past (last) year, our company's sales has increased by 85%.

3) During the past (last) year, our company's sales increased by 85%.

4) During the past (last) year, our company's sales has increased by 85%.

5) In the past (last) year, our company's sales increased by 85%.

6) In the past (last) year, our company's sales has increased by 85%.

Thank you.
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Lorikeet



Joined: 08 Oct 2005
Posts: 1786
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Sun Aug 06, 2017 8:41 pm    Post subject: Re: Present perfect or simple past? Reply with quote

paride1970 wrote:
Dear ESL Teachers:

Should I use the present perfect or the simple past/past simple in the following sentences?

1) Over the past (last) year, our company's sales increased by 85%.

2) Over the past (last) year, our company's sales has increased by 85%.

3) During the past (last) year, our company's sales increased by 85%.

4) During the past (last) year, our company's sales has increased by 85%.

5) In the past (last) year, our company's sales increased by 85%.

6) In the past (last) year, our company's sales has increased by 85%.

Thank you.


Here's my opinion. If it's just in the past, it should be with simple past. For me, all of these sound good with "increased." To use the present perfect, it would have to start in the past and continue to the present, such as:

Since last year, our company's sales have increased.
Starting last year, our company's sales have increased.

Or even better, "In recent years, our company's sales have increased."
or "Starting last year, our company's sales have been increasing."
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bethanycraft



Joined: 15 Aug 2017
Posts: 1

PostPosted: Tue Aug 22, 2017 4:32 am    Post subject: Past/Present Perfect Reply with quote

Hi! In all of these situations, the past simple works. If you want to use the present perfect, you need to change has to have(sales have). When you use the past simple, it gives the idea that the year is over and the sales increased in that fixed period of time. When you use the present perfect, it implies that the sales have been increasing for a year and are continuing to do so.

I have
You have
He/She/It has
We have
They have

I hope this helps!

Bethany
www.craftenglishtutoring.com
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