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Total Physical Response (TPR)

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Joined: 06 Jul 2006
Posts: 2
Location: Indonesia

PostPosted: Fri Jul 07, 2006 1:56 am    Post subject: Total Physical Response (TPR) Reply with quote

Using a learner-centered approach to teaching provides LEP students with a greater opportunity to interact meaningfully with educational materials as they acquire English and learn subject matter. (These strategies are good for all students, incl. early childhood)
A. Total Physical Response (TPR)
Multiply the amount of language input
Ready to talk sooner
Tie comprehension with performance
Whole-body responses
Build self-confidence
Wide-ranging passive vocabulary
Learn by doing
Adjust to school
1. Setting up
Set up a situation (use actions, props to act out series of events)
2. Demonstration
Modeling the series of actions (by teacher or student)
3. Group live action
Group acts out series
Teacher assists with commands
Repeated to internalize before producing
4. Written copy
Put series on chart paper or whiteboard (for Early Childhood this could be with sequenced photos labeled with text)
Students read and copy
5. Oral repetition and questions
Students repeat each line of written copy
Students ask questions
Teacher points out pronunciation
6. Student demonstration
Students play roles (reader, performer)
Teacher checks comprehension and prompts
7. Pairs
Groups of 2-3 students
One telling/reading the series, other(s) listening and responding physically
Teacher works individually with (other) students

You can find more information about this in the 'Help! They don't speciak English' started kit page 24. This is a great resource for anybody working with ELL students of any age!
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Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 52

PostPosted: Fri May 08, 2009 10:16 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hi there,

Here are some concrete examples of TPR for anyone still trying to figure out what it is!

1. doing actions to songs
2. doing actions to words - teach new vocab by showing the picture AND making a symbol with the hands or body to represent that picture.
3. running/jumping or using the body in any way to respond to instructions from the teacher, such as jumping on the picture of the chair, then hopping to the picture of the pencil - or better than pictures use real objects if possible.
4. feeling objects with eyes closed and naming them

And so on...

For games and a free story and song for preschoolers Smile
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Joined: 19 Apr 2005
Posts: 276
Location: Nagano, Japan

PostPosted: Thu Sep 02, 2010 2:21 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

you can listen to an explanation of the TPR method here:

It's a podcast on the Total Physical Response method and has some ideas for activities and using the method with young learners.

- Mark
certificate templates | printable cards | printable calendars
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Joined: 26 Oct 2011
Posts: 24
Location: New Jersey

PostPosted: Wed Jun 20, 2012 1:47 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

TPR is such a great way to get students of any age involved and eager to learn! I have yet to become a teacher (I'm in graduate school now) but I am thinking that I would like to work with preschool-4rd graders. What TPR activity works best for the preschoolers? I would think activities that involve moving, jumping, dancing, singing? What activities would you not suggest for preschool age students? I can honestly say I wouldn't know what kind of level the students' language (both L1 and L2) would be, which is an intimidating thought. The original list of recommended TPR strategies provided is great - I would love to be able to incorporate these in my future classes.
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