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Is the word "sadden" a verb or adjective?

 
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hereinchina



Joined: 29 May 2009
Posts: 112

PostPosted: Tue Sep 06, 2011 2:34 pm    Post subject: Is the word "sadden" a verb or adjective? Reply with quote

"Hello,
Is the word "sadden" a verb or adjective in the following sentences?
1. He was greatly saddened by the death of his only son.
2. I was saddened when I heard about your fatherís death.
3. It saddens me to think that we'll never see her again."
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Sally Olsen



Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 1305
Location: Canada,France, Brazil, Japan, Mongolia, Greenland, Canada, Mongolia, Ethiopia next

PostPosted: Tue Sep 06, 2011 3:59 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It helps to read some articles on "How to find a verb" on Google. There are pages of them and they all offer different clues on how to find the verb. Once you have found the verb you can determine what parts of speech the others in the sentence are. A dictionary can help a lot.
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fluffyhamster



Joined: 26 Oct 2004
Posts: 3003
Location: UK > China > Japan > UK again

PostPosted: Wed Sep 07, 2011 12:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sentence 3 is clearly a verb ('It'=subject, 'saddens'=verb, transitive, 'me'=object). Sentence 1 contains a clearer [passive] participle than sentence 2, as shown by the sustitutions (of the adjective 'sad') I've added:

1. He was greatly saddened/*sad by the death of his only son.
2. I was saddened/sad when I heard about your fatherís death.
(3. It saddens/*sad me to think that we'll never see her again.)
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hereinchina



Joined: 29 May 2009
Posts: 112

PostPosted: Wed Sep 07, 2011 2:03 pm    Post subject: thanks you Reply with quote

Hello,
Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.
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fluffyhamster



Joined: 26 Oct 2004
Posts: 3003
Location: UK > China > Japan > UK again

PostPosted: Wed Sep 07, 2011 5:47 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

You're welcome, HIC! I just thought I'd add an explicitly passive paraphrase (that is, replace the subordinate when-clause containing the repeated subject 'I', instead with a prepositional by-phrase containing an "agent") of sentence 2:

I am/was saddened by (the news of) your father's death.

The active equivalent would be:

(The news of) your father's death saddened/saddens me.
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