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Passive verb list?

Posted: Fri Oct 16, 2015 9:27 pm
by Johnysuth
I was kind of surprised to find that such a thing doesn't exist (At least I haven't been able to find it). So, I've started creating my own. More precisely, I'm looking for verbs that are commonly used in passive constructions that relate to a specific theme or situation. For example, the office: Hired, fired, laid off, promoted, demoted, held (meeting), given...

I'd appreciate any input whether it's a theme or a list of verbs.

Posted: Sun Oct 18, 2015 12:07 am
by fluffyhamster
You can find reasonably representative starter lists in decent grammars (such as the COBUILD English Grammar, section 10.18 etc), and more comprehensive ones especially by searching the CD-ROMs that are nowadays sold along with print editions of advanced learner dictionaries (for example, from the 'Grammar - usually passive' field of the Advanced Search of my 2003 Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary's CD-ROM, I have just got up a list that contains almost 350 verbs, which I've pasted in below. You'll obviously need to be selective and do a bit of work to organize it thematically, but the current online CALD should still largely tally with the given entries and senses).

Welcome to the forums, by the way!

abbreviate
acclaim at acclaim
accost
acquit (DECIDE NOT GUILTY)
action (DEAL WITH)
adduce
adjudge
administer (MANAGE)
adulterate
affront at affront
appoint at appointment
apprentice at apprentice
array at array
array at array
asphyxiate
assail 2
assign (CHOOSE) 1
attract 2
ban
bedeck
behead
besiege 1
besiege 2
besiege 3
bestow
bestrew
bewitch 1
bill at bill (NOTICE)
blacklist at blacklist
blanket at blanket (COVER)
border at border (EDGE)
bound (BORDER)
buoy at buoy
buoy at buoy
burn (DAMAGE) 2
cage at cage
cake (COVER)
cap (LIMIT)
capitalize at capital (MONEY)
carry (APPROVE)
charge (ORDER) 1
charm at charm (ATTRACTION)
chasten
choke (FILL)
circumscribe 1
closet (STAY)
cocoon at cocoon (PROTECTED PLACE)
colonize at colony
colour at colour (APPEARANCE)
commercialize at commerce
commission (MILITARY)
compound (WORSEN)
concentrate (COME TOGETHER)
concuss at concussion
confine 2
consider (OPINION)
constrain at constraint
convict
couch (EXPRESS)
couple (JOIN)
cow (FRIGHTEN)
craft at craft (SKILL)
criticize 1
crop at crop (PLANT)
crush (SHOCK)
damn (PUNISH)
daunt
dazzle 2
decimate
deflate (MAKE SMALLER) 2
deflate (MAKE SMALLER) 3
deluge at deluge
deselect
design (INTEND)
detail (ORDER)
detain 1
detain 2
determine (DECIDE)
disable at disabled
discount at discount (REDUCTION)
discover 2
dismiss (END JOB)
dissolve (END) 1
distil (INFORMATION)
divide (SEPARATE) 5
domesticate
doom at doom
doorstep at doorstep 1
dot at dot 2
double-book
draft at the draft (MILITARY)
drench
earmark
earth at earth (WIRE)
eclipse at eclipse (IMPORTANCE)
eject 1
electrocute
eliminate 2
emblazon
enact (MAKE LAW)
encode 1
encrypt
enrage
enslave 1
enslave 2
entangle 1
entangle 2
enthrone 2
entomb
entwine
establish (START)
expurgate
fix (CHEAT)
flabbergast
flavour at flavour
floor (CAUSE TO FALL) 2
frame (MAKE GUILTY)
gag at gag (PIECE OF CLOTH)
gazump
gazunder
gentrify at the gentry
ghettoize at ghetto
glut at glut
greet 2
grip (EMOTION)
ground at ground (LAND) 1
ground at ground (LAND) 2
hamstring (LIMIT)
handcuff at handcuffs
hedge at hedge (PROTECTION)
hit (SHOOT)
hospitalize at hospital
hype at hype
hypnotize at hypnosis
immortalize at immortal
impale
imprison
incapacitate
incense (ANGER)
incise
inhabit
intern (PUNISH)
jail at jail
kindle 2
malign at malign
mangle (DESTROY) 1
marginalize at marginal (SMALL)
martyr at martyr
maul 1
maul 2
mesmerize 1
mine at mine (BOMB)
mob (GATHER)
mortify
motivate at motive (REASON)
mystify
nark (ANNOY)
nauseate at nausea
nettle (ANNOY)
notice (SEE) 2
obliterate 1
oppress (RULE)
orchestrate at orchestra (MUSIC)
orchestrate
ordain (CHURCH)
out at out (MADE PUBLIC)
outfit at outfit (CLOTHES)
overawe
overburden
overcome (UNABLE TO ACT)
overcook
overexpose
overlay 1
overlay 2
overpay
overrate
overshadow 1
overshadow 2
overwhelm 2
parachute at parachute
phase at phase
pink-slip at pink slip
pipe at pipe (TUBE)
pluck (REMOVE) 3
politicize at politics
populate at population
prescribe (GIVE MEDICAL TREATMENT)
price at price 1
prize at prize (REWARD)
prohibit 1
project (CALCULATE)
promote (RAISE) 1
promote (RAISE) 2
quarter at quarter (FOURTH PART)
quarter at quarters
rack (CAUSE PAIN)
ravage
ravish (PLEASURE)
recognize (ACCEPT) 2
reincarnate at reincarnation
remand
remaster
repulse (DISLIKE)
retire (STOP WORKING) 2
roof at roof
ruffle (MOVE) 2
rumble (DISCOVER)
satiate
saturate (MAKE WET)
say (THINK) 4
scandalize at scandal
scar at scar
schedule at schedule
school at school (EDUCATION) 2
seduce (ATTRACT) 1
seduce (ATTRACT) 2
see (USE EYES) 3
seed at seed (SPORT)
seize 4
settle (LIVE) 2
shoehorn at shoehorn
sidetrack
signpost at signpost (ROAD SIGN)
silver at silver
source at source
starve 2
stigmatize at stigma (FEELING)
stump at stumps
stymie
suffuse
survey (LOOK AT) 3
swamp (TOO MUCH/BIG) 1
task at task (WORK)
tickle (PLEASE)
timetable at timetable
tinge at tinge
tip at tip (END)
tip at tip (INFORMATION)
traumatize at trauma
trouble at trouble (DIFFICULTIES)
undercook
unravel 3
veil at veil (MATERIAL)
wrench (PULL) 3
wrong-foot 2
yank (PULL) 2
yoke at yoke (CONNECTION)
zone at zone
blazon at emblazon
capitalise at capital (MONEY)
choke up at choke (FILL)
colonise at colony
commercialise at commerce
conscript at the draft (MILITARY)
criticise at criticize 1 1
cuff at handcuffs
flavor at flavour
gaol at jail
ghettoise at ghetto
ground at earth (WIRE)
hospitalise at hospital
hype up at hype
immortalise at immortal
inspect at survey (LOOK AT) 3
marginalise at marginal (SMALL)
mesmerise at mesmerize 1 1
politicise at politics
scandalise at scandal
schedule at timetable
stigmatise at stigma (FEELING)
traumatise at trauma
aim sth at sb (DIRECT)
assign sb to sth
back sth up (PROVE)
bill sb as sth
bind sb to sth
bowl sb over (KNOCK DOWN)
bowl sb over (PLEASE)
box sb/sth in (MOVE)
box sb in (NOT ALLOW)
build around sth
call sb up (ORDER TO JOIN)
condemn sb to (do) sth (PUNISH)
consign sb/sth to sth
count sb out (BOXING)
cull sth from sth
cut sb off (PHONE)
derive from sth
devote sth to sth/sb 2
dragoon sb into sth
elbow sb out
expose sb to sth
fence sb in (PERSON)
find sb out
fit sth out
frown on/upon sth
gum sth up
hail sb/sth as sth
haul sb up
have sb up
hush sth up
identify sb/sth with sth (CONNECT)
key sth to sb
knock sb down (HIT WITH A VEHICLE)
knock sb over (HIT)
lay sb off (NOT EMPLOY)
liken sb/sth to sb/sth
mete sth out
parcel sth out
pass sth down
pen sb in/up
pension sb off (GIVE MONEY)
pepper sth with sth (INCLUDE)
pin sb down (SURROUND)
plunge (sb/sth) into sth
put sb out (CAUSE TROUBLE) 2
range against/with sth/sb
relieve sb of sth (JOB)
sandwich sb/sth between sb/sth
sell out (SELL ALL) 3
send sb down (COLLEGE)
send sb down (PRISON)
send sb up at send sb down (PRISON)
set sth down (WRITING)
set on/upon sb 1
set sb up (DECEIVE)
sew sth up (BE SUCCESSFUL) 1
stand sb up (NOT MEET)
strap sth up
tape sth up at strap sth up
subject sb/sth to sth
suck sb/sth in/suck sb/sth into sth
sweep sb along
take sth from sb
take sb in (DECEIVE)
thrust sth on/upon sb
tie sb down (NOT FREE)
tow sth away
trot sb out
wash sth out (PREVENT)
wean sb on sth/sb
weigh sb/sth down (LOAD)
weigh sb down (WORRY)
write sth into sth